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As the patron of craft and weaving, Athena was known as Ergane.
Athena was also a warrior goddess, and was believed to lead soldiers into battle as Athena Promachos.
And upon this occasion it was that he set up a brass statue of Athena Hygeia, in the citadel near the altar, which they say was there before.
But it was Phidias who wrought the goddess's image in gold, and he has his name inscribed on the pedestal as the workman of it.
One of the artificers, the quickest and the handiest workman among them all, with a slip of his foot fell down from a great height, and lay in a miserable condition, the physicians having no hope of his recovery.
When Pericles was in distress about this, the goddess [Athena] appeared to him at night in a dream, and ordered a course of treatment, which he applied, and in a short time and with great ease cured the man.
A strange accident happened in the course of building, which showed that the goddess was not averse to the work, but was aiding and co-operating to bring it to perfection.
The second-century AD orator Aelius Aristides attempted to derive natural symbols from the etymological roots of Athena's names to be aether, air, earth, and moon.
Proponents of this view argue that she dropped her prophylactic owl-mask before she lost her wings.
This role is expressed in a number of stories about Athena.
Marinus of Neapolis reports that when Christians removed the statue of the Goddess from the Parthenon, a beautiful woman appeared in a dream to Proclus, a devotee of Athena, and announced that the "Athenian Lady" wished to dwell with him.
In his dialogue Cratylus, the Greek philosopher Plato (428–347 BC) gives some rather imaginative etymologies of Athena's name, based on the theories of the ancient Athenians and his own etymological speculations: That is a graver matter, and there, my friend, the modern interpreters of Homer may, I think, assist in explaining the view of the ancients.